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Which programming language should you learn first?

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Before choosing your first programming language, you should also check out this infographic on What Is Programming And What Do Programmers Do.

So you want to learn programming. Maybe you have asked your developer friends for recommendations and get different answers. They explained with terms that you don’t understand (what is object-oriented?!). To help you to pick your first programming language to learn, here is an easy-to-understand infographic that recommends the best option, depending on your purpose and interest. Details such as learning difficulty, popularity, and average salary for each computer programming language are provided too.

 

I have also compiled a list of best programming tools and resources for each programming language, to help you get started quickly.

Special thanks to Prithviraj Udaya for allowing me to use his awesome The Lord of the Rings analogy on Quora.

Note: A good programmer must know at least a few programming languages to learn different ways to approach problems. They continue to learn and grow as technology advances. This is just the beginning of your programming journey. Simply pick one and start coding now!

Most good programmers do programming not because they expect to get paid or get adulation by the public, but because it is fun to program.

– Linus Torvalds (creator of Linux)

Infographic: Which Programming Language Should I Learn FirstClick on the infographic above to view in full size.
Order the printed poster here or get the PDF version here.

 
I thought Facebook uses PHP? Why is Python everywhere? Is PHP for small sites only? I’ve received a lot of questions and misinterpretations of the infographic, which is understandable. There’s only so much information I can squeeze into an infographic. Check out the full explanation of the infographic & FAQat the end of the post (Click here to jump). 

Best Programming Tools & Resources

Here is the compiled list of the best courses, tutorials, books, etc. for each programming language. Feel free to suggest any new resources to keep this list growing!

Beginners read this: IDE stands for Integrated Development Environment. It is a tool that facilitates developers to write code, which normally consists of a code editor, compiler, and debugger.

Also, you need to understand some important concepts behind programming. Check out: 40 Key Computer Science Concepts Explained In Layman’s Terms.

Python

Java

C/C++

JavaScript

C#

Ruby

PHP

Objective-C 


Official site: https://www.python.org/

Courses

Free Interactive Tutorial

Books

For Web Development

If you want to create websites using Python, try Flask, a beginner-friendly Python web framework:

Then, you should probably move on to Django, the most popular and widely-used Python web framework:

More Useful Resources

 

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@Credits: CarlCheo


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